We provide secure confinement, reformative programs, and a process of supervised community reintegration to enhance the safety of our communities. AS 44.28.020
- Secure Confinement
- Supervised Release
- Reformative Programs
|A: Result - Enhance community safety by providing secure confinement, reformative programming, and successful re-entry of released prisoners.|
|A1: Core Service - Secure Confinement|
Target #2: Decrease the number of special incident reports.
Number of Special Incident Report Level Assaults
Analysis of results and challenges: The department has continued to see an increase in the number of Special Incident Reports (SIR) as expected. During FY2013, there were a total of 223 reported incidents. This is an increase of 94 reported Special Incident Assaults from FY2012 where there were 129 reported incidents.
This continued increase was anticipated and is associated to clarification provided in May 2010 which defined the types of assaults for reporting purposes. This definition change has resulted in additional assaults being reported as expected.
The increased reporting is primarily associated with inmate on inmate lower level assaults such as pushing, shoving, or other incidents that may not have required medical attention but created a situation that could lead to a more serious assault.
In addition, there was also an increase in the number of inmate on staff assaults reported. The increase in this reporting is primarily due to a delay in the reporting of the incidents that included throwing, spitting, etc., of bodily fluids.
Tracking and monitoring of these reports assist in identifying if the assault was a result of operational situations that lends itself to these types of offender behaviors or if the department’s training is adequate for Correctional Officers given these types of situations. Tracking the SIR's within the correctional facilities allows the department the opportunity to review operating and training procedures to see in detail how specific situations are handled by staff. In an effort to enhance the staff’s ability to address these types of situations, the department is in the process of updating and enhancing the current Field Training Officer Program through the National Institute of Corrections.
This process allows the department to better ensure the safety of staff and offenders while incarcerated.
The reporting of this data has been updated to reflect incidents reported by fiscal year. Reporting was previously completed based on calendar year.
|A2: Core Service - Supervised Release|
Target #1: Increase the percent of probationers and parolees who satisfy their court ordered conditions of release.
Percentage of Probationers and Parolees Who Successfully Satisfy Court Ordered Conditions of Release
Analysis of results and challenges: During FY2013, there were 1,658 offenders released from secure confinement and placed under supervised release. Of those offenders under supervision, 1,078 successfully completed their court or parole ordered conditions and were released from supervision. This is a slight increase over FY2012 where 2,007 offenders were released from secure confinement and 1,052 offenders were successfully discharged from supervision.
Probationers and parolees who are unsuccessful in satisfying their court or parole ordered conditions of release are returned to incarceration, increasing the offender population and the cost of incarceration. A successful discharge improves recidivism rates, allowing for increased public safety while decreasing victimization and costs to the state.
Proactively supervising probationers and parolees will enhance their successful re-entry in their community; increasing the number of successful discharges. Proactive supervision targets proven supervision methods that are known to decrease the likelihood of failure in the community or causing future harm through assessing risk to reoffend, employing motivational interviewing techniques and tailoring supervision strategies to address criminogenic needs (i.e., housing, treatment, criminal attitudes, pro-social activities, etc.). However, identifying available or limited community resources for probationers and parolees create significant challenges in areas such as housing, employment, substance abuse treatment, mental health counseling, etc.
Target #2: Reduce criminal recidivism.
Offenders Returning to Incarceration Within 3 Years of Release
Analysis of results and challenges: The department is experiencing a declining recidivism rate of the offenders released from FY2006 to FY2010. This rate is based on the number of offenders released back into the communities that were convicted of a felony offense and have been re-incarcerated as a result of a new sentence, or had parole or probation revocation within three years.
The Criminal Justice Working Group formed the Alaska Prisoner Re-Entry Task Force to address reintegration of Alaskan offenders back into their communities and to reduce recidivism. The task force formulated a Five Year Strategic Re-Entry Plan approved by the Governor in FY2011.
The department is implementing this plan which places a stronger focus on successful prisoner re-entry. This involves providing expanded institutional and community-based services and achieving collaborative efforts between the state and community partners to increase prisoner community support such as programs, housing, jobs, etc., which assists with offender re-integration. This approach is aimed at turning former offenders into productive and law-abiding community members. The strategy is built on documented evidence shown to improve reintegration-related outcomes. Reintegration begins upon admission to prison and continues through incarceration, release, community supervision and ultimately the unsupervised and successful reintegration into the community.
The State of Alaska recognizes that the successful re-entry of prisoners is a critical component of the state’s public protection and corrections mission. Failure results in a costly waste of public resources and diminished public goodwill which often means homelessness, unemployment, returning to or falling into addiction, often a new crime and a new victim, and ultimately re-incarceration. The burden of this failure has a significant impact on the state’s budget, Alaska communities, and those former offenders and their families struggling to succeed in society.
The department will continue its efforts for successful prisoner reentry to reduce criminal recidivism and report new information accordingly.
|A3: Core Service - Reformative Programs|
Target #1: Increase the number of individuals who complete an institutional or community-based substance abuse treatment program.
Number of Offenders Completing an Institutional or Community-Based Substance Abuse Treatment Program
Analysis of results and challenges: Assessment and referral services provide informational orientation to offenders for substance abuse treatment options within Department of Corrections (DOC) institutions and in the community. The assessments provide comprehensive referrals that best meet the offenders substance abuse treatment needs. These services are currently provided in Anchorage and Palmer facilities and communities.
Aftercare services are a vital piece to the continuum of care necessary to reduce recidivism. These services are based on the outpatient treatment criteria and are designed to compliment the treatment that the offender has previously received. Length of the program and the program requirements are based upon individual needs but generally are 90 to 120 days. These services were initially provided only in Anchorage and Fairbanks, however, were expanded to Juneau, Kenai, and Palmer during FY2013.
The Residential Substance Abuse Treatment (RSAT) program is based on the residential/intensive inpatient treatment criteria. The services provided use a cognitive behavioral approach. The programs are comprehensive and intensive; they are designed to intervene and treat substance use disorders using a therapeutic community model. Inmates in these programs are expected to participate for a minimum of six months. These programs were provided at the Hiland Mountain and the Goose Creek Correctional Centers during FY2013 and were expanded to Palmer and Spring Creek Correctional Centers during the first quarter in FY2014.
The Life Success Substance Abuse Treatment (LSSAT) programs are based on the intensive outpatient treatment criteria also using a cognitive behavioral approach. The programs are comprehensive and intensive and participating inmates are required to participate for a minimum of three months. LSSAT programs are currently provided to offenders who are incarcerated as well as those released into the community. These programs are provided in Anchorage, Fairbanks, Juneau, Kenai, Palmer, and Seward.
The institutional based programs at Bethel and Nome have been converted into Alaska Native-Based Substance Abuse Treatment (ANSAT) programs and are based on intensive outpatient treatment criteria using a cognitive behavioral approach from an Alaska Native cultural perspective. The programs require offenders to participate for a minimum of four weeks up to six weeks. The ANSAT programs are institutional-based pilot programs which began providing services during FY2013 and are located in Bethel and Nome.
While the focus for FY2013 has been on increasing the effectiveness of the programs the department has also demonstrated an increase in the number of individuals who have participated in and completed programs.
During FY2013, there continues to be the challenge associated with the lack of qualified substance abuse treatment providers. DOC continues to be in collaboration with the Department of Health and Social Services, Division of Behavioral Health, to identify community-based provider solutions.
Target #2: Increase the number of offenders who receive a General Education Development (GED) diploma while incarcerated.
Number of Offenders Who Receive General Education Development While Incarcerated
Analysis of results and challenges: The Department of Corrections increased the number of offenders receiving their General Education Development (GED) while incarcerated during FY2003 to FY2012 by 120, however, during FY2013 there was a reduction of 35 offenders receiving their GED.
This was an expected drop between FY2012 and FY2013 as a direct result of changes within the Education GED program in preparation for the federally mandated test, and test administering. These changes are set to take place in calendar year 2014.
In anticipation of the changes to the test, students have been informed that additional study time may assist in preparing for the changes. With the increased study time, the initial reduction in testing completion was expected during FY2013, but it is anticipated FY2014 should reflect an increase in the number of offenders testing and passing.
Each institution provides offenders with education coordinators and the necessary materials to study for and complete the GED tests. Offenders have the opportunity to obtain a GED diploma, however, in most cases this program is voluntary and/or the time an offender has to serve may be insufficient to complete all five tests impacting the offender participation while incarcerated.
Target #3: Increase the number of sex offender probationers who complete both a sex offender management program and who receive polygraph testing while on probation.
Number of Polygraphed Sex Offender Probationers
Analysis of results and challenges: During FY2013, the use of polygraph examinations was conducted statewide in all Probation/Parole Offices that supervise sex offenders. During FY2013, a total of 442 convicted sex offenders on community supervision participated in a total of 729 polygraph exams.
Of the 442 sex offenders on community supervision who participated in the sex offender management program, three (3) offenders have pending new felony sexual charges still in court. One (1) offender has a pending felony charge of misconduct with a weapon. Two (2) were convicted of a new misdemeanor sexual crimes; indecent exposure and indecent viewing. Nineteen (19) other offenders were charged and convicted of new misdemeanor offenses with charges ranging from driving offenses, theft, driving under the influence, and domestic violence.
In addition, there were also 75 petitions to revoke probation filed against participants in the program involving underlying sexual breach (near minors, viewing pornography, etc.) and general condition violations of probation/parole.
This data indicates the success of this program in assisting probation officers with intervening prior to the commission of new sexual offenses and ensuring public safety.
As it is for many community-based programs and services, Alaska’s geography and identification of qualified providers will continue to be a major challenge in statewide program operations.
Current as of December 13, 2013