The mission of the Department of Public Safety is to ensure public safety and enforce fish and wildlife laws. AS 44.41.020
- Law Enforcement Patrol & Investigations
- Rural Law Enforcement
- Domestic Violence & Sexual Assault Programs
- Statewide Public Safety Programs
- Resource Protection
- Highway Safety
|A: Result - Department Result|
|A1: Core Service - Law Enforcement Patrol & Investigations|
Target #1: 35% of property crimes reported result in the identification of a suspect or offender
Percentage of Property Crimes Investigated and Closed with the Identification of a Suspect or Offender
Analysis of results and challenges: This metric provides the Alaska State Troopers (AST) the measuring point to evaluate the quality of its initial response to an investigation of property crimes, with the end result an enhanced ability to identify suspects or offenders.
AST reports the number of property crimes within their primary jurisdiction. Property crimes include offenses such as burglary, theft, and criminal mischief. These data include attempted and unfounded burglaries, since they often require the same amount of investigative time to reach an appropriate conclusion. This metric was initially developed in FY2009 and modified in FY2014 to include theft and criminal mischief offenses to better reflect the results of ASTs efforts. The target is based on a review of the data over the last ten years. Calendar year information is reported to allow for greater accuracy in the data collected due to incident closure time frames.
Target #2: 100% homicide solve rate
Percentage of Homicides Solved by Alaska State Troopers
Analysis of results and challenges: Numbers represent homicides in Alaska State Trooper (AST) jurisdiction as well as homicides outside AST jurisdiction where AST has assumed investigative responsibility. Unsolved homicide investigations are on-going and are often closed long after the incident, depending on a wide variety of circumstances.
|A2: Core Service - Rural Law Enforcement|
|A3: Core Service - Domestic Violence & Sexual Assault Programs|
Target #1: As a result of contact with a victim service program, 80% of participants know more ways to plan for their safety
Percentage of Victim Service Participants Indicating Positive Program Impact
Analysis of results and challenges: Data for this measure are gathered through confidential surveys completed by program participants when they exit program services. This data is a compilation of the data received from the community victim services programs. Research has demonstrated that increasing victims' knowledge of safety planning and community resources leads to increased safety and well-being over time. Alaska is participating in a national outcome measures project that uses this measure to monitor reduced violence and increased quality of life for victims over time.
Target #2: 100% of sex offender registrations are available online
Percentage of Sex Offender Registrations Available On-line
Analysis of results and challenges: In nearly every case in which an offender moves into Alaska from another state, additional information must be obtained in order to determine the comparable Alaska statute for registration requirements. Program analysis and development has resulted in the more efficient completion of research required to ensure accurate information on the Sex Offender Registration website, and has reduced the number of offenders' convictions requiring research prior to posting on the website.
The target goal of 100% has not been met, however as policies and procedures are refined, the Sex Offender and Child Kidnapper Registration Office is becoming more proficient at obtaining required documentation and more efficient in completing registration requirement analysis on new registrants.
|A4: Core Service - Statewide Public Safety Programs|
Target #1: Reduce unintentional fire fatalities (non-homicide) to less than 13 annual fatalities
Number of Fatal Fires with DF&LS Authority vs Number of Fatal Fires with No DF&LS Authority
Analysis of results and challenges: There has continued to be an increase in fire fatalities. Compared to 2016, the number of fire fatalities went from 18 to 19, with two fire fatalities under the division’s statutory authority in 2017. In 2017, 16 fire fatalities occurred in buildings where the division has no statutory authority for plan reviews and fire inspections and one fire fatality occurred in an automobile. There were 18 fire fatalities that occurred in structures. 9 of the 18 fatalities occurred in one or two-family dwellings, six occurred in a multi-residential structure and three occurred in residential hotels. The division continues to have limited success of reducing unintentional fire fatalities (non-homicide) to less than 13 annual fatalities due to the lack of residential building code and inspection authority, and little direct access to family residences. The division enjoys significant success in all other occupancy types where it is empowered to act.
Smoke alarms failed to work or were not installed in 22% of the residences where fire fatalities occurred. Alcohol or drug-use related fire fatalities decreased to 22% in 2017.
Fire and Life Safety data are reported on a calendar year basis. Visit http://dps.alaska.gov/fire/alaskafirestatistics.aspx for annual reports and more information.
Target #2: State and national criminal justice information is released to authorized entities within 10 working days of receipt of the request
Average Number of Days to Disseminate Criminal History Information by Criminal Records and Identification
Analysis of results and challenges: Through a significant re-engineering process, an additional fingerprint expert, temporary staffing reallocation, and intense staff effort, the Records and Identification Bureau (Bureau) remarkably improved processing time in FY2010. The Bureau was able to maintain this substantially reduced turnaround time in FY2011 and FY2012, and will continue to assess processes and procedures to further reduce the time it takes to process a background check for employment or licensing purposes. However, in FY2014, significant staffing changes occurred, resulting in a significant increase in the time it took to process fingerprints.
FY2017’s turnaround time was severely impacted by staffing shortages in both the Automated Biometric Identification System (ABIS) Section and the Records Section. Staffing resources in the Records Section were readjusted in the latter part of FY2017, and a restructuring of the ABIS Section occurred in FY2018. As expected, the uptick in processing time in FY2017 was an anomaly that was greatly reduced in FY2018 and the goal of disseminating criminal history information within 10 days has been met. As new ABIS employees complete their training, it is anticipated that processing times may be further reduced, hopefully to less than five working days from receipt to dissemination.
Target #3: 30% of all buildings scheduled for priority fire and life safety building inspections to be found in compliance at time of inspection
Percentage of Buildings in Compliance with Legal Standards According to Inspections
Analysis of results and challenges: The number of fire inspections decreased in FY2018. Deputy Fire Marshals (DFMs) conducted 631 of the 845 fire inspections. The decrease in number of inspections from FY2017 was due to vacancies in two DFM I positions and a reduction in the travel budget. The lack of recruitment incentives and training benefits, coupled with competing job opportunities, causes difficulties in the retention of fully trained staff and this contributes to the division not being able to meet the target goal of 30%. The TransAlaska Pipeline Fire Safety Specialist conducted 214 fire inspections. This position is funded through a Reimbursable Service Agreement (RSA) with the Department of Natural Resources, Joint Pipeline Office.
Prioritization of commercial building inspections continues to be based upon those occupancies that are at greatest risk of fire-related injuries, fatalities, property loss, and community impact. The division is striving to increase owner/occupant hazard awareness so a greater number of buildings will be found in compliance with legal standards at the time of inspection.
When an inspection generates an Order to Correct Deficiencies, each deficiency must be rectified as mandated by the Alaska Supreme Court in Adams vs. the State of Alaska. There were 960 follow up communication actions in support of the 845 fire inspections in FY2018.
Target #4: 90% of requests for laboratory service with a turnaround time less than 30 days
Percentage of State Crime Laboratory Service Requests Accomplished in Less than 30 Days
Analysis of results and challenges: Total requests do not include toxicology (outsourced), DNA database samples (reported under its own metric), or proficiency/training requests (internal requests necessary for the operation of the laboratory). Turnaround time is calculated as the time when a request for service is created until a scientific examination report is issued.
98% of Controlled Substance and 96% of Blood Alcohol Requests (47% of all requests for service) were completed in under 30 days.
The Latent Print Examination staff assisted the Records and Identification component for four months with processing fingerprint backlog due to shortage of staff available. This resulted in a 50% reduction in analyst time for latent print processing and examination. This negatively impacted the turnaround time of Latent Print requests, with only 43% of requests for analysis completed in less than 30 days.
Forensic Biology has changed its processes such that analysis that used to occur separately, with the generation of two scientific examination reports, now is performed as a single analysis. While overall more efficient, the total analysis time is typically 45 days, and as such a new metric will need to be developed specifically for Forensic Biology. The laboratory will work with Office of Management and Budget (OMB ) to add a performance metric of 90% of all Forensic Biology requests with a turnaround time less than 60 days. For this reporting period, only 10% of Forensic Biology requests meet this criteria, with an average turnaround time of 89 days.
Target #5: Less than 5% of unworked requests for laboratory service are over 120 days old
Percentage of State Crime Laboratory Service Requests Over 120 Days Old
Analysis of results and challenges: The target goal of less than 5% of unworked requests for laboratory service over 120 days old was not met. The reduction/elimination of backlogged requests for service continue to be a high priority. Of the requests received, 30% of Latent Print requests (201 of 670) had a turnaround time greater than 120 days. As noted above, the Latent Print discipline assisted another component for a period for four months greatly diminishing capacity of the discipline for that time.
|A5: Core Service - Resource Protection|
Target #1: Reduce recreational boating accident deaths to fewer than 14 annual fatalities
Analysis of results and challenges: Fatalities from recreational boating accidents rose again for the second consecutive year. The target of less than 14 recreational boating deaths was exceeded. The number of deaths is similar to the peak in 2012.
Alaska Wildlife Troopers (AWT) are working to increase boating safety education and checking for compliance with law and regulation, including personal flotation device possession and use -- especially education among adults, as adult deaths continue to make up the majority of fatalities.
AWT conducted several targeted boating safety patrols during the past year in conjunction with advertised national campaigns and on historically busy weekends. Troopers investigate recreational boating accidents, injuries, and fatalities in state waters.
Target #2: Wildlife violations detected less than 5% of total resource user contacts
Percentage of Wildlife Violations Detected per User Contacts by Alaska Wildlife Troopers
Analysis of results and challenges: The number of resource users contacted by Alaska Wildlife Troopers (AWT) decreased for the second consecutive year. Wildlife violations detected also decreased slightly as a percentage of total contacts over the previous year; however the amount was less than one half of one percent. The decrease in resource user contacts is a result of restricted operations of AWT personnel, as well as a shift in operations to times and areas where risk to natural resources is perceived to be the greatest.
These numbers do not include citations written by wildlife troopers for non-natural resource law violations, such as those generated for traffic enforcement or other general law enforcement duties. The wildlife troopers averaged seven vacancies throughout the year. In addition to the vacancies, budget reductions forced AWT positions to be eliminated. In the last four years, AWT has eliminated eight Trooper positions, and seven non-commissioned positions which support operations, resulting in less coverage statewide. AWT is attempting to focus efforts where concerns for populations of wild stocks of fish and game are high, but the opportunity to contact the general public engaged in hunting and fishing activity are often reduced. In addition, AWT vacant positions has shifted in the past year from occurring in rural areas to urban areas. Troopers assigned to rural areas typically have fewer contacts than those assigned to urban areas due to the volume of resource users encountered.
Targeting 95% compliance is a reasonable goal. Less than 95% compliance indicates a need to reevaluate enforcement presence and education efforts. A loss of commissioned personnel meant fewer hours were available to spend on education.
AWT prefers to change this performance goal as it does not accurately reflect AWT performance or the number of violations discovered by AWT. In addition, there are a number of inconsistencies in reporting for this target which fail to truly reflect resource user contacts and violations discovered. As an example, the column indicating the number of violations detected has historically been reported solely for citations issued. It does not account for violations for which the person was warned which frequently occurs when a Trooper contacts a person and discovers multiple violations. A more accurate measure of the percentage of violations per contact would be to report the total of citations and warnings per contact. A review of historical data reflects a consistent violation rate of between 10 to 13 percent.
AWT would welcome a discussion on a more appropriate measure of effectiveness.
|A6: Core Service - Highway Safety|
Target #1: 10% reduction from the previous three-year average of deaths as a result of motor vehicle crashes (MVC)
Number of Fatalities from Motor Vehicle Crashes
Analysis of results and challenges: This target reflects one measure of the overall safety of vehicular traffic. In addition to enforcement of traffic regulations and laws, the department is actively involved in media campaigns to raise public awareness of highway safety issues which can be attributed to a lower yearly fatalities in 2017. Previously, in 2016 the Alaska Bureau of Highway Patrol saw a high number of fatal crashes in low traffic areas of the state that are not connected to the state road system. Many of the other variables affecting the motor vehicle crash rate, such as road design, weather conditions, vehicle age and mechanical condition, etc., are not within the department's control.
Beginning in 2007, this table shows motor vehicle crashes within the Alaska State Troopers' patrol area. Statewide data from the Alaska Highway Safety Office were reported in prior years. These data are reported on a calendar-year basis. Calendar year information is reported to allow for greater accuracy in the data collected due to incident closure time frames.
Target #2: 10% reduction from the previous three-year average of driving under the influence (DUI) fatalities
Motor Vehicle Crashes with Fatalities involving Impaired Drivers
Analysis of results and challenges: The Department receives Alaska Highway Safety Office funding to support some specialized High Visibility DUI enforcement efforts. Targeted enforcement at special events like the Palmer State Fair and other events have been highly effective at removing impaired drivers from the road. However, the number and severity of accidents involve many other factors which are often outside the control or influence of police agencies. Some of the accidents in 2017 were on low traffic areas that are not connected to the state road system.
Beginning in 2007, this table shows motor vehicle crashes within the Alaska State Troopers' patrol area. Statewide data from the Alaska Highway Safety Office (DOT/PF) were reported in prior years. These data are reported on a calendar-year basis. Calendar year information is reported to allow for greater accuracy in the data collected due to incident closure time frames.
*In 2016 it was discovered that the grid used in previous budget submissions (see below) contained only the number for crashes that included an impaired driver when that person was charged with DUI. This year the grid was updated to include where drivers were impaired but not charged. An example would be where a single vehicle crash occurred and the driver was found to be impaired. We believe that the grid above more accurately shows the connection between impairment and fatal crashes.
Year ; MVC Yearly Fatalities
Current as of September 4, 2018