Provide a system of statewide crisis intervention, perpetrator accountability, and prevention services to Alaskans victimized or impacted by domestic violence and sexual assault.
- Safety - Victims are equipped to further access program services for safety, information, and protection when needed.
- Prevention - Communities are equipped to further primary prevention strategies.
- Accountability - State approved Batterer Intervention programs are available in communities as requested.
|Mission Results||Core Services|
|A: Result - Reduce the level of domestic violence and sexual violence in Alaska|
|A1: Core Service - Safety - Victims are equipped to further access program services for safety, information, and protection when needed.|
Target #1: As a result of contact with a victim service program, 80% of participants know more ways to plan for their safety
Percentage of Victim Service Participants Indicating Positive Program Impact
Analysis of results and challenges: Data for this measure are gathered through confidential surveys completed by program participants when they exit program services. This data is a compilation of the data received from the community victim services programs. Research has demonstrated that increasing victims\' knowledge of safety planning and community resources leads to increased safety and well-being over time. Alaska is participating in a national outcome measures project that uses this measure to monitor reduced violence and increased quality of life for victims over time.
Target #2: As a result of contact with a victim service program, 80% of participants know more about community resources that will help them
Percentage of Victim Service Participants Indicating Increased Knowledge
Analysis of results and challenges: Data for this measure are gathered through confidential surveys completed by program participants when they exit program services. This data is a compilation of the data received from the community victim services programs. Research has demonstrated that increasing victims' knowledge of safety planning and community resources leads to increased safety and well-being over time. Alaska is participating in a national outcome measures project that uses this measure to monitor reduced violence and increased quality of life for victims over time.
Target #3: Nights of safe shelter provided by victim service providers
Shelter Nights Provided by Victim Service Providers
Analysis of results and challenges: Data for this measure are collected directly from Council on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault (CDVSA) funded victim services programs. Each night that a person stays in shelter is counted as one night of shelter. For example, if on any given date three people stayed in a safe shelter, the number of shelter nights reported would be three. It is important to note that not all 24 victim service providers have on-site shelter. Some programs may work with safe homes, hotels, or other agencies to provide emergency shelter.
Knowing the number of shelter nights assists programs in providing adequate food, staffing, utilities, and household items to meet the needs of program participants. Knowing the number of shelter nights statewide allows trends to be examined and questioned. The high number of shelter nights in the last few years does not seem to correlate with an increased number of people accessing safe shelter; rather, it might correlate with difficulty obtaining permanent safe housing. Of the increase between FY2015 and FY2016, 6,000 nights are accounted for by the opening of a transitional living facility by AWARE in Juneau; additional increases are due to increases in access to shelter services throughout Alaska. The decrease from FY2017 to FY2018 may be attributed to normal fluctuations in service needs or it may be due to a reduction in the need for services. The same holds true for the increase from FY2018 to FY2019, and the decrease from FY2019 to FY2020. Unfortunately, it is difficult to know the exact causes without evaluating additional data sources to look at a broader picture of the Alaska rates of domestic and sexual violence. While it is not uncommon to see annual increases and decreases in shelter nights, it is the trends that give us a better perspective on need and reasons for variations. For instance, issues such as access to affordable safe housing options following a stay at a shelter-if other options are not available, a victim may reluctantly need to return to the home where the original violence occurred and future shelter needs may be required. As we continue to reduce stigmas against reporting incidents of domestic and sexual violence, more victims may be filing reports and taking positive action to find safe shelter. Fluctuations in the need for shelter night have a myriad of reasons and can only be evaluated over time, in conjunction with intersectional data.
Target #4: Victim service pograms utilization cost per shelter night
Victim Service Programs Utilization Cost per Shelter Night
Analysis of results and challenges: The cost of a shelter night is determined by the number of shelter nights provided divided by the amount of funding allocated to 24 victim service providers providing emergency safe shelter to victims and their children. The cost per night includes all ancillary services provided in addition to shelter-legal advocacy, medical accompaniment, individual and group support, safety planning, systems advocacy, etc. It is important to note that not all 24 victim service providers have on-site shelter. Some programs may work with safe homes, hotels, or other agencies to provide emergency shelter.
|A2: Core Service - Prevention - Communities are equipped to further primary prevention strategies.|
Target #1: The number of communities that report the formation of a locally based workgroup dedicated to primary prevention is increasing
Analysis of results and challenges: In FY2020, the Council on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault (CDVSA) continued to support community based primary prevention capacity development and implementation of programming. The funding served to equip and further primary prevention strategies in local communities by supporting or enhancing locally based workgroups and/ or coalitions through the following mechanisms:
- Maintained existing prevention grants and contracts.
- Provided statewide training and technical assistance.
Funding was provided through two opportunities: the community readiness building (CR) grant and the community-based primary prevention program (CBPPP) grant. These grants currently operate on a three-year cycle and were designed to provide opportunities for community programs with and without primary prevention program experience. Community agencies newer to primary prevention programming receive funding through the CR grant to conduct initial community-level assessments, establish coalitions, and develop strategic plans for program implementation that fit the community's level of readiness. For communities with existing coalitions and strategic plans, funding assists these efforts to become more comprehensive (i.e. expand the reach of their programs to new populations and settings.) Comprehensive programming is implemented in such a way as to reinforce complementary messaging in multiple settings and/or populations. In other words, to generate the greatest impact, the same person needs to hear complementary prevention messages in multiple settings of their life - home, school, work, and neighborhood.
CDVSA funding supports technical assistance through monthly coordinator meetings via webinar and/or teleconferences and through individual assistance on an as needed basis. Funding from CDVSA to ANDVSA supports prevention staffing positions to host the monthly meetings and to provide individual assistance to grantees.
Target #2: The number of communities that report implementing at least one primary prevention strategy to address domestic violence or sexual assault is increasing
Analysis of results and challenges: The measure for this target was originally based on the number of communities attending Alaska's statewide Primary Prevention Summit which originated in FY2013. Initially, the Prevent Summit was designed as an annual event. The number of communities reporting implementing at least one primary prevention strategy was based on the number of attending communities who then returned to implement at least one strategy identified at the summit. This number included communities receiving Council on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault (CDVSA) funding, mini-grant funding and no state funding. However, due to fluctuations in prevention funding combined with a shift to biennial programming, the elimination of mini-grant funds in 2018, this monitoring goal is no longer a valid measurement of prevention programming success. What we can measure are the number of communities now receiving multi-year funding through the CDVSA who are implementing one or more community level strategies to prevent domestic violence and or sexual assault. There are twelve communities receiving CDVSA funds to build capacity, plan and implement prevention programming. All twelve grantees have completed a community need and resource assessment and strategic plans for prevention. Ten of the twelve grantees implemented at least one primary prevention program that reached one population in one setting and five of those grantees have expanded programming into new settings and populations thus becoming more comprehensive in their efforts. 2019 shows an increase in 7-community based strategic plans and one new prevention strategy being implemented.
In future fiscal years as funding continues to stabilize and/or increase for prevention, growth is anticipated in common indicators at the community level. As community efforts expand and become more comprehensive (implementing complementary messaging across multiple populations in multiple settings) incident rates of domestic violence and sexual assault will be reduced.
Target #3: The number of Alaska youth participating in youth leadership and prevention programming is increasing
Youth Attending Statewide Lead On! Conference
Analysis of results and challenges: LeadOn! is a comprehensive statewide prevention program that engages youth ages 13-18 and youth service providers from communities throughout Alaska. The program was started in 2008 by the Alaska Network on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault (ANDVSA) and the Council on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault (CDVSA) to empower youth and adults in promoting respect and reducing sexual assault and dating violence in their communities.
FY20120 marked the 12th year of LeadOn!
The number of participating youth and communities remains consistent with some slight fluctuations from year to year. The number of participants and the numbers of communities vary across fiscal years which can be attributed to available funds and variations in outreach efforts.
Over the past decade, we have seen the number of participating youth and communities remaining consistent. We do see slight variations in the number of participants and the numbers of communities across fiscal years which can be attributed to available funds and variations in outreach efforts. There is also a rotation in which communities participate across fiscal years and in evaluation responses.
A pre-and post-survey of 2019 LeadOn! indicated that youth were impacted in a positive way by the healthy relationship workshops and activities. An analysis of the youth survey showed that most youth reported increased healthy relationships, violence prevention, project planning and sexual health skills. After the event, 92% of participants reported an understanding of how to prevent dating violence, a 41% increase from before the conference. Participants also increased their community planning skills. Over 90% reported that the experience provided them support to promote respectful behavior in their communities, and 92% agreed that LeadOn! gave them experience in how to be a leader in their own community to prevent violence. One participant said: "My favorite part of LeadOn! was learning how to help our community." LeadOn! has an impact lasting far beyond the three-day conference.
Target #4: The number of youth that report implementing at least one primary prevention strategy in their communities is increasing
Lead On! Attendees Implementing Projects in Communities
Analysis of results and challenges: In FY2019, the above metric shifted from individuals at LeadOn! who then returned to implement programming in their home community to a community based metric. For example, we know that of the 25-communities that sent youth to the LeadOn! conference, 15 of those communities or 60% went on to implement programming.
What we can measure is the individual reach of the fifteen community projects and totals for the categories of youth planning participation (168), adult planning participation (116) and community wide reach (12,016).
Following FY19 LeadOn!, CDVSA funding supported ANDVSA staff positions to administer mini-grants for community-based projects led by youth to promote healthy relationships, respect among peers, and leadership in 15 communities around the state. Applications for these mini-grants are available each year following the conference and when awarded, provide youth a small scholarship to implement a youth led adult supported project in their home community. Funding for these scholarships are provided in partnership with The Department of Health and Social Services (DHSS) Youth Pregnancy and Violence Prevention grant. Supplemental grant funding was provided through a partnership with Recover Alaska, acknowledging the co-occurring risk and protective factors between teen and unintended pregnancy, teen dating violence and teen substance abuse.
Each of the fifteen funded projects incorporated two or more of the following six steps for Healthy Relationships identified in the Stand Up Speak Up Alaska campaign: relationship basics, building a peer culture, respecting yourself, keep respect going, leading the way and helping each other.
The goal for these projects is to build refusal, communication and emotional regulation skills in participating youth, while strengthening youth leadership abilities among the youth planners.
The overarching results of the projects served to improve the health status of Alaskans, by increasing protective factors and minimizing risk factors for teen dating violence, teen pregnancy, and bullying. The projects reach numerous youth and adults throughout the state of Alaska and have provided youth with direct project implementation experience. Youth use a variety of different methods to interact with their community. These included but were not limited to; mini conferences, school assemblies, pre-prom activities, health and wellness fairs, social media campaigns, art and cultural projects, peer to peer presentations and community workshops.
Due to the wide range of projects and experience levels of the youth and adults attached to the projects it is not possible to compare efforts across communities or fiscal years with fidelity. What can see are increases in the comprehensiveness of projects and in project evaluation in communities where prevention coalitions exist. More experienced communities could provide a more in-depth analysis and assessment of their community projects and communities with less capacity provided event photos, head counts and informal interviews to share the story of their work. Knowing this helps those who are responsible for providing communities with technical assistance information on how to provide that assistance and identify the type of resources that need to be developed to support implementation and evaluation efforts across scholarship communities.
|A3: Core Service - Accountability - State approved Batterer Intervention programs are available in communities as requested.|
Target #1: Regulations and standards will be adopted to encourage broad use of battering intervention programs
Analysis of results and challenges: Revised regulations and standards have not been adopted at this time. Current regulations and standards are in place at 22AAC 25.010-090; within the Department of Corrections. There are nine (9) approved Battering Intervention Programs (BIP) located throughout the state, including three (3) specific Prison-based Battering Intervention programs (PBP). Of the current approved programs, one is no longer providing BIP services; three are approved but not funded by Council on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault (CDVSA), one receives CDVSA funding through the local shelter program, and six (6) receive CDVSA funding directly. Courts may require people convicted of crimes involving domestic violence or people who are respondents in protective order proceedings to attend an approved program if it is within a fifty-mile radius of the community in which the person resides. Currently approved BIP/PBP programs are located in Juneau, Utqiagvik, Mat-Su, Ketchikan, Fairbanks, Anchorage, Kenai, and Homer.
To improve the overall outcomes for all BIPs and to increase the use and success of programs to decrease domestic violence and to improve victim safety, the CDVSA is conducting, in partnership with the Alaska Judicial Council and the UAA Justice Center a full review of the existing programs, consistency and compliance with regulations, performance and outcomes measures, as well as a review of national battering intervention programming research, evaluation and data. This information is creating a foundation for enhancements, revisions and possible new approaches to this critical component of the full continuum of care to end domestic violence in Alaska. We are currently evaluating what is working, what challenges Alaska faces in offering these programs, and changes to regulations, programming and policy/practice revisions to improve outcomes for victims and perpetrators of all forms of interpersonal and domestic violence. A survey of all approved BIP/PBP programs was conducted in FY2019; the survey results are guiding next steps in terms of programming, assessments and quality data collection and analysis. CDVSA is working closely with the Department of Corrections to frame revisions to the current Perpetrator Rehabilitation regulations.
Current as of November 13, 2020